The Ultimate Guide for Overseas Schools to Recruit Chinese Students
Updated: May 28, 2022
Have you ever heard of the term Chicken parenting? It is the equivalent of helicopter parenting in China and has been growing over parents all over the country in the last few decades. Those parents are super involved in their kid’s life, more notably their education, it goes from tutoring after class, to buying an appartment next to the best city schools, to spending thousands in private and overseas shcool… to ensure their kids can have the best outcomes once reaching adult life.
The point being, China, is an enourmous market for the education industry. Although, chinese universties are more and more valued in the world, the competition to enter is harsh resulting in many graduates to opt for studying overseas. In this guide, we will give you an in-depth context of the chinese education market as well as our best tips to attract chinese students to your school, university, training center and so on.
Introduction to China’s Education Market
In the world’s most populous country, education is extremely important for all social classes, from poor families who want to increase their social status, to wealthy families who do not want to lose face. Thus, it is important to understand Chinese society before entering the market.
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Education in China: A Social Elevator
Chinese students studying for the Gaokao (University-entry exam) After the end of the Cultural revolution (1966-1976) followed by its economic modernization, the Chinese government put education at the core of its strategy to quickly catch up with developed countries. Besides several educational and structural reforms, public spendings on education were increased considerably. However, the whole educational sector lagged far behind international standards in terms of quality as well as expectations, and that’s why Chinese parents decided to send their children abroad, in order for them to get qualitative courses from renowned and prestigious Universities.
When it comes to the Chinese education market, overseas schools and international schools were able to gain and attract the best Chinese students, convincing strict parents that are seeking the best for their offspring. This phenomenon is related to globalization, allowing the Chinese population to broaden its perspectives about foreign countries and cultures, but also because the competition between students is tougher than before.
Indeed, education is considered extremely important in China as studying in a renowned university is a social elevator not only for the student but also for its family. In Confucius’ country where traditions and filial piety are part of Chinese daily lives, education is the best tool to enhance living conditions and secure a safe and promising future.
The Covid-19 Impact on the Education Market in China
Over the years, the share of online education in the total education market has increased considerably, thanks to China’s digitalization. This tech-savvy population is now more than ever relying on online platforms to develop their knowledge.
The Covid-19 outbreak in 2020 has further contributed to accelerating this phenomenon, with the rising use of platforms such as Coursera or Italki for example.
Online Education: A Growing Phenomenon
According to Statista, the online education market in China had a market size of approximately 308.2 billion yuan in 2021. After high growth rates in the past few years, especially since the Covid-19 pandemic, the online education market is now expected to reach 490.5 billion yuan in 2024.
According to this other data, we can see that 68% of Chinese students are convinced that their formal education has given them the technology knowledge they need, while only 17% of Japanese students, and 25% of German students agree on this.
Understanding the Values and Issues of the Chinese Education System
Children at school (© Yeclo)
The Chinese education system is very different than others. The Chinese education system is one of the most reputed, and Shanghai students are considered the best in the world. Don’t forget that China is ranked among the highest education system worldwide. Many western countries want to include a part of this system into their own academic system. However, if this kind of education gives a high level of knowledge to students, it’s also a very competitive and demanding system that is being questioned nowadays, with lots of pressure from society.
A Heavy Workload for Chinese Students
On average, Chinese students are spending 8.5 hours in class. They start their day at 7:30 am and finish at 5 pm with two hours of lunch break and naptime. Now you probably think that it is similar to your own education system, but unfortunately, that’s not the case. As in other Asian countries such as South Korea, after class, Chinese students have also tutoring hours till late at night. Nothing mandatory, but not doing so can considerably impact admission into the most renowned university in the country. Some students go as far as to retake their last years of high school to score higher on already excellent grades for a chance at entering China’s Top 10 universities.
(© China Daily)
The school program in China is heavy. It is impossible for teachers to cover all the programs published by the Chinese government during class hours. That’s why most of the students have tutoring classes in mathematics, literature, English, chemistry, and physics. After this long day, they still have to do their homework, and that’s why they have almost no time for them.
In terms of vacations, they also have less than students in western countries, with only 2 periods of holidays: 4 weeks off in winter and 7 weeks off in summer. There’s almost no time for Chinese students to do other things than working. They don’t have time to do other activities such as sports, spend time with friends or family, play games, watch movies, or do social activities. Although you should note that being in good physical shape is becoming more important to compete in Chinese society, thus, we are seeing a rise in “programed” (it’s treated like any other extra scholar curriculum class) physical activities for kids and teenagers.
People encouraging students for their Gaokao exams (© New China)
The most important exam for Chinese students is the Gaokao (高考), the national exam that allows them to have access to Universities in the last year of high school. As mentioned earlier, the higher the grades, the more chances students have to get into the most prestigious universities in China and get scholarships. During the gaokao weeks, everything seems to stop in order to encourage students to stay focused.
China and its Societal Transformation
As mentioned earlier, over the years, China was able to quickly follow the path of developed countries, even surpassing some, in major part thanks to education. Decades ago, a lot of Chinese people (that are now grandparents) didn’t have access to education and had to work in factories or work in the fields. Their children know how education can change their lives, and that’s why they are relying on their descendants to have a better life.
Higher wages and a greater purchasing power
Now with a growing middle class, important disposable incomes, and higher standards of living, China is making the transition to a more developed country. China is now focusing more on creative innovations, domestic businesses, services, and professions requiring skilled and qualified workers.
The One-Child Policy
Due to the long-term effects of the «one-child policy» that was established in 1979, China is struggling with an aging population. However, to counter this, the laws have been changed in 2015, allowing parents to have two children without incurring any state fines. Recently in 2021, this law was even changed to three children. However, it is important to say that Chinese parents (often) don’t want more than one child nowadays, because education for example is too expensive.
Out of the 1.39 billion citizens in China, 17% are between the age of 0 and 14, this represents approximately 230 million students. The parents of almost a quarter of a billion children are on average significantly wealthier than 10-20 years ago, spending on education has therefore increased to become the most precious commodity in a fiercely competitive market.
© ChinaFotoPress/Getty Images
The « one-child policy » also acted as an incentive for parents to invest heavily in their children’s education. The official party slogan was “having only one child is good”. The culture of pooling together family resources for their children’s educational development remains prevalent.
New wealth, but better invested
Chinese families prioritize spending in education ahead of any other area, even above real estate and retirement savings. The McKinsey Global Institute projects the country to spend 12.5% of its overall consumption growth on education for those under 30 over the next 15 years.
In addition, according to ICEF Monitor, 50% of the 20 years old’ per capita consumption is spent on education, while it represents only a quarter for American students. Take into account that this phenomenon is not going to stop, and will even continue to rise with the growth of the Chinese middle class.
A shift in terms of school standards and school expectations
With China being the most populous country in the world, the Chinese education system is much more competitive. A lot of experts are stating that children don’t have time to share moments with family or friends, do sports or activities. With the Chinese education system being questioned, many parents decide to send their children abroad in order to broaden their perspectives and have more opportunities.
The Chinese Education System: An Opportunity for Foreign Schools
As stated above, more and more Chinese parents prefer sending their children abroad to study. The Western education system is also very reputed in China, that’s why it is extremely attractive among Chinese parents. The Western education system is known to develop students’ creativity and allowing them to become independent thinkers whereas most Chinese students are considered to be hard-working, persistent, and deep thinkers but without creative spirits.
China: The Country with the Most Students Studying Abroad
Now if we look at the number of students heading overseas to pursue their studies, we can see that the world’s two most populous nations, China and India, lead the way. China is the first, far beyond the other countries. According to UNESCO, China sent 928,000 students abroad in 2017, while India sent out 332,000.
Even if this data is a little old, we can say for sure that it is still relevant and that Chinese students are still prioritizing going overseas to pursue their studies.
Why do Chinese students want to study abroad?
Tsinghua University, among the best universities in China
It is important for you to know that in China, the majority of the best universities are public ones, which means that they get most of their support from the Chinese government. Although the number of institutions for higher education and students enrolled in universities inside China has increased significantly in the last few years, the pathways to get admission from the best universities are still limited. For most people, the national exam “Gaokao” remains the only way to enter a good public university.
Therefore, there are a lot of students that decide to go study abroad in order to avoid the national exam (the Gaokao) and to study in a better-ranked university. For some study programs, overseas institutions are preferred thanks to their international academic environment. Chinese students who have been abroad to study are considered to have a global insight and better language skills, which makes them more competitive in China, compared to their peers who stayed in China.
Chinese children are learning English from a young age (© Quartz)
For Chinese people, learning English has become the priority, and that’s why Chinese students chose to study in English-speaking countries in order to practice and improve their level of English.
Studying overseas will enhance their resume
Parents know that on the resume of their children, the overseas experience will enhance the resume. Even though English-speaking countries such as Australia, the U.S, and the U.K are still among the top destinations for Chinese students, other non-English-speaking countries such as France, Italy, Spain, and Germany are also among the most popular destinations.
Studying abroad leads to many good job opportunities
After graduating from a foreign country, Chinese students have more chances to be employed abroad. Abroad studies have created a lot of new job opportunities, allowing students to have a better lifestyle and making more money than if they decided to stay in China. However, in recent years, the trend tends to change, with an increasing number of Chinese students that want to return to China after their studies.
According to a survey among Chinese overseas returnees, 60% of them chose to go back to China in order to be with their family and friends, while 42% said it was because of the great economic development of China. In fact, following China’s rapid development, some Chinese companies are extremely attractive among Chinese students, offering various advantages and competitive salaries.
Education defines the social status
International educations, particularly European, American and Australian are considered to be more innovative and creative than their Chinese counterpart. It is also part of a general trend. Chinese people have become more open-minded in terms of culture, education, and beliefs.
The Chinese society is highly competitive and education has become a key to define one’s social status and level of achievement in a society obsessed with the notion of ‘face’. An international education reflects this status and is fundamentally associated with quality.
Where do Chinese students go to study abroad?
According to an educational survey conducted in 2020, the United Kingdom and the United States were the most preferred destinations for Chinese students and their parents. While the United States lost attraction in the last five years, students were more attracted by the United Kingdom and Canada, as well as several Asian countries like Japan or Singapore.
How do Chinese students finance their studies?
With developed countries still being the most popular destinations for Chinese students, it is clear that for some countries, Chinese students have already become an important funding source for local universities. For example, the United States has for a long time attracted the largest share of Chinese students, but in recent years more and more Chinese students are choosing to go to Canadian & European countries for example, as tuition fees are much less expensive than U.S Universities’ fees.
(© China Daily)
While most students from China were self-funded, relying on their parent’s support, the number of students who stated scholarship recipients had been increasing over the years. Don’t forget that studying overseas is much more expensive than staying in China, both in terms of dormitory but also in terms of lifestyle habits.
Particularities of China’s Education Market
Chinese kids start learning at a young age
Children playing piano
The phenomenon of the « little emperor » is worth mentioning. As a result of the «one-child policy» two sets of grandparents and parents, all focused their attention on a single baby. As a result, you have a whole generation growing up with more funds invested in their education. This has helped the education market grow with whole families investing collectively into their children’s future, from an early age. From the time they start to talk, parents will take them to pre-classes in order to learn the number, listen to stories, learn foreign languages, play instruments, dance, etc in order for their child to become a prodigy.
The Reputation of your School is Key to attract Chinese students
If you want to attract Chinese students, your school has to be popular and well known. When they start looking for a school, Chinese parents will spend a lot of time doing research on Baidu to find the best schools. In China more than in any country, online information is crucial. All your information has to be clear, easy to find, and visible. If your school is not really famous, you need to make sure to have a perfect e-reputation because trust is important for Chinese consumers and among the key criteria.
Some countries are more popular studying destinations than others
Some destinations are more appreciated by Chinese students. This is the case of the United States, one of the most popular destinations in the world. Why? Because, if you look at rankings, American schools are the higher-ranked in the world.
Your school has to be in a safe country. Parents will reject sending their children to a dangerous country. That’s also why they prefer countries where they have family members as they will be more reassured.
The advantages of countries having a Chinese community
Chinatown in London
After finding where your school is located, Chinese people will focus on your city. Some cities are more popular because they have lots of very good schools. But Chinese families also prefer cities where there’s a Chinese community, and with a ‘Chinatown’. Among the most popular cities with large Chinese communities, you will find San Francisco, Boston, Chicago, Toronto, Vancouver, Paris, London, etc. However, on the other hand, some students will prefer to go to cities in which there’s no such a large Chinese community, in order to practice the foreign language even more.
School fees are not a “problem” for Chinese students
Many Chinese students study abroad because their families have more income than 10 or 20 years before.